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閱讀 15811 次 歷史版本 7個 創建者:lanwei87 (2012/10/11 16:18:44)  最新編輯:kangxuejie (2018/3/12 9:24:16)
黃杰
拼音:Huáng Jié (Huang Jie)

國家一級美術師


個人簡介

黃杰,國家一級美術師,書法家。1968年生于山東省新泰市。1990年畢業于新汶礦務局職工大學煤礦機電專業,1994年畢業于中國書畫函授大學書法專業。現為中國煤礦書法家協會會員、北京華夏京都書畫藝術研究院特級書畫師、泰安市書法家協會會員。

藝術風格

初學唐楷于九成宮、多寶塔、繼學篆隸、甲骨,宗法二王。又學懷素、孫過庭、米芾、黃庭堅等諸家碑帖。在書畫函大學習期間得到著名教育家歐陽中石、沈鵬、劉炳森等老師的傳授與指點。碑帖結合,內外兼修。在創作過程中善于吸取前人的經驗取其精華,融會貫通,師古而不泥古,大膽創新,經多年筆耕苦練,書法作品筆力遒勁,疏密有致,俊秀靈動。行草書作運用自如,灑脫飄逸,古韻悠長。創作出了大量為人稱道,雅俗共賞的優秀作品,多次在全國書畫展中獲獎。

藝術成就

20088月紀念毛澤東誕辰115周年毛澤東詩詞全國書畫展金獎。
2008年北京奧運,奧運有我全國書畫巡回展銀獎。
2003年紀念毛澤東向雷鋒題詞四十周年全國書畫展銅獎等多項獎項。書法作品入編中國書畫藏典大型書畫文獻、入編中國書畫篆刻家大辭典等多部辭書。
2016年書法作品入選國家核心期刊第十期人民美術雜志。2016
年書法作品被中國郵政出版中國名片限量版珍藏郵冊全國發行。
書法作品被國家文物局中國書畫收藏家協會收藏、雷鋒紀念館收
藏、韶山市人民政府收藏等多家博物館和機構收藏。

代表作品



已故原陸軍一級上將



    黃杰 黃杰(1902年-1995年),字達云,湖南長沙人。國軍一級上將。黃埔軍校一期生,善于處理各種復雜的人際關系,被稱為“軍人政治家”;在交際之余,頗喜舞文弄墨,有“儒將”之譽。曾獲青天白日勛章?!?/div>





黃杰檔案


  昵稱: 海上蘇武
  出生地點: 湖南長沙
  逝世地點: 臺灣臺北
  效命: 中華民國
  隸屬: 中華民國陸軍
  服役年份: 1925-1972
  軍銜: 陸軍一級上將
  部隊: 教導第一團偵探隊第一排
  參與戰役: 東征、北伐,中原大戰, 長城戰役, 蘭封會戰,滇西緬北戰役,第二次國共內戰
  獲得勛章: 青天白日勛章
  歷任:國軍第二師中將師長,稅警總團總團長,第八軍軍長,成都中央軍校教育處處長,第六分校主任,第十一集團軍總司令,中央訓練團教育長,第五編訓司令部司令官,第一兵團司令官,臺北衛戍司令,陸軍總司令,總統府參軍長,臺灣警備總司令,臺灣省主席,國防部長,總統府戰略顧問?!?br>

黃杰生平

民國初年

  民國十四年一月黃埔軍校第一期畢業,初任教導第一團偵探隊第一排中尉排長。歷東征、北伐,中原大戰。1930年,時任第一師第二旅少將旅長,7月11日深夜,敵軍突破防線,情勢緊急,因率部3個團,收復李壩集,成功的?;ぜ岢衷諏映嫡局富擁慕姓?。1932年升任陸軍第2師中將師長?! ?H3>抗戰時期  1933年3月13日(民國二十二年),時任第二師師長,奉命接第二十五師(師長關麟征)南天門防務,防守黃土梁,南天門,八道樓子等險要陣地,參與長城戰役。此役為日寇侵華之第一場血戰。戰役結束后,因戰功獲頒青天白日勛章。

  1937年8月13日(民國二十六年),淞滬戰爭爆發,16日黃杰奉派為陸軍第八軍軍長兼稅警總團長,參與淞滬戰役。因孫立人是稅警總團第二支隊司令,黃杰算是孫立人的老長官。

  1938年,第八軍參與蘭封會戰包圍土肥原師團,在此役第八軍因歸德失守導致蘭封包圍網全盤崩潰,也間接造成了后來的花園口決堤。此役后黃杰被撤職冷凍至中央官校桂林分校擔任分校主任,直到1943年遠征軍重組時復職出任第十一集團軍副總司令兼第六軍軍長。先后參加過強渡怒江和反攻騰沖外圍的戰斗。

  1944年9月黃杰接替中國遠征軍第十一集團軍總司令職務并兼任前敵總指揮,具體指揮對龍陵的三次圍攻。這期間,他根據龍陵日軍外圍陣地喪失、城區守備力量不足的情況,充分發揮遠征軍在人員、武器方面的優勢,三面夾攻、合力重擊、盡用5天時間就擊潰守敵,奪回了龍陵這個曾幾次易手的戰略要地,奠定了遠征軍反攻勝利的基礎。攻克龍陵后,繼而指揮第十一集團軍克復芒市、遮放、畹町四大據點,打通中印公路?!?H3>當局疑慮   抗戰勝利后,黃杰派往訓練單位,顯見已非當局權力核心人物。
  1949年12月前云南省主席盧漢投共,黃杰就近未即時發現阻止,更是引起蔣之疑慮。
  黃杰領三萬軍隊,撤往越南富國島(其部隊后稱為富臺部隊),人稱“海上蘇武”;直到1953年6月方與此部隊至臺灣,并整編為海軍陸戰隊。
  1953年8月,發表任臺北衛戍司令,重返國民黨權力核心。9月,晉升陸軍二級上將?! ?H3>臺灣時期  1953年,擔任臺北衛戍司令。
  1954年,取代孫立人,升任中華民國陸軍總司令。
  1957年,調任總統府參軍長。
  1958年,調任警備總司令。
  1960年,晉升一級上將。
  1962年起擔任臺灣省主席,任內頗多實用建樹:開辟修建南橫、曾文水庫、澎湖跨海大橋,頗受贊譽。
  1969年起擔任中華民國國防部長?!?H2>滇西大捷
  1944年發生的滇西反攻作戰,終于為黃杰一洗前恥。

  從監獄出來后不久,蔣介石任命黃杰接任第十一集團軍司令,負責滇西反攻作戰事宜。

  面對著作戰地圖,黃杰眉頭緊鎖,要想破龍陵,先要啃松山這塊硬骨頭。日軍第五十六聯隊的工兵八個月苦干,把個松山建得如銅墻鐵壁。大小堡壘如星羅棋布,均用碗口粗的樹干蓋上數層,再覆以一公尺以上的泥土,中間還鋪蓋著厚鋼板。碉堡群之間配有各種重炮、迫擊炮、輕重機槍,組成強大火力網。另外,在這一要塞陣地中還設有糧食庫、彈藥庫、被服庫、材料庫,以及一個小型發電站,糧彈儲備均在半年以上,守軍兵力多達三千余人。所以,日軍狂言:中國軍隊不陣亡十萬人,休想奪取松山。

  黃杰他就不信這個邪,揮師幾經激戰終于拿下了松山這塊硬骨頭,他曾在回憶錄中描述了松山之戰的慘烈:“在松山,沒有一顆樹上沒鉆有子彈,沒有一片樹葉沒有彈孔。第八軍在這里長眠著六千勇士,終于踏上了松山的山頭?!?1月初,他指揮4個軍11個師,攻占龍陵,中旬攻占芒市,12月初克復遮放,翌年1月中旬攻克畹町,消滅了侵入滇西的日軍。旋越過國境,進入緬甸,繼續追擊日軍,并于1945年1月27日與中國駐印軍及盟軍美軍在芒友勝利會師?;平苤富擁惱獯畏垂サ崳髏灞閉揭?,經8個月浴血奮戰,以傷亡4.8萬多人的代價,擊敗日本侵略軍56師團,打通了中國到緬甸、印度的國際交通線,對爭取同盟國對中國抗戰的物資援助起了重要作用。因指揮對日作戰有功,美國政府授予其“自由勛章”;國民政府授予其“云麾勛章”。1945年3月,中美盟軍準備向日軍發起總反攻,成立中國陸軍總司令部,他出任第1方面軍副司令官兼中印公路東段警備副司令,參與指揮了對日反攻作戰,為抗戰勝利立下了赫赫戰功?!?H2>黃杰詩作
  贈羅振西將軍 (四十六年任陸軍總司令振西副之)

  自份胸中有甲兵 丁年攜手請長纓 慣從星飯思矯厲 一勃風雷悟再生 
  入夢輕裘依故劍 關懷肥馬出龍城 誰憐白發飛明鏡 黃埔雄心老更橫 

蔣介石評說黃杰


  “抗日以來,建勛最多,辛勞最甚?!?/span>
 ?。ā睹窆嘸督熗寫罰?),第271頁)


  〔解讀〕

  1943年1月,黃杰調任第十一集團軍副總司令(總司令宋希鐮)兼第六軍軍長,駐扎滇西加入遠征軍作戰序列。他以一部分兵力在騰沖北部地區游擊,其余在永平、下關一帶擔任守備,次年5月,中國軍隊對滇西的日軍實施反攻,第六軍歸入防守集團軍作戰序列,他以主力擔任防守怒江東岸之責,以第三十九師的一個加強團由打板著、雙虹橋渡江,向紅色樹攻擊。11日黃杰指揮該團在惠通橋上游附近渡河成功,12日,攻占了紅色樹東北各高地。隨后,遠征軍長官司令部即以主力渡河擴張戰果,將部隊分為兩個集團軍,以騰沖、龍陵為目標攻擊前進,期與駐印軍會師緬北?;平艿牡諏橛謐蠹啪淖髡叫蛄?。25日,攻占紅色樹據點,進襲騰沖,協助右集團軍的第二十集團作戰。

  9月,第十一集團軍總司令宋希濂奉調入重慶陸軍大學將官班受訓,黃杰代理總司令,指揮第二、第六、第五十三、第七十一軍和炮兵第十團、重迫擊炮第七團混合營、通信兵第九連等特種部隊,及滇康緬特別游擊隊第一、二、三縱隊,負責攻克龍陵、芒市、遮放、畹町四大據點,打通中印公路,重開國際交通線。11月3日晨,攻克龍陵,殲滅日軍10620人。22日,進逼芒市。在二十集團軍的配合下,他以第七十一軍、第六軍擔任正面攻擊,命第二軍由左翼沿黨練、平戛實施迂回。占領芒市外圍要點后,即指揮主力部隊向芒市發起攻擊,以一部分在芒市至遮放公路各要點之間穿插,致敵于三面包圍之中。見日軍被迫撤退,又令所部追擊至遮放。遮放城外有一個南坐寺,系遮放的大門,也是守備芒市的必須占領的陣地。占領了南坐寺,就可以直攻遮放。因此,他命八十七師猛烈攻擊,幾經肉搏激戰,于28日晨占領該寺。12月1日即攻克遮放,全殲日軍1034人。

  1944年12月26日,黃杰率部協同友軍發起對畹町的攻擊。畹町以北之回龍山,形勢險要,系畹町的天然屏障。日軍在山上修筑了堅固的工事,憑險固守,幾次強攻均未奏效?;平鼙忝蕉妨η康鈉呤瘓尤胝蕉?。次年1月8日晚,他與第七十一軍軍長陳明仁來到前線指揮所,研究敵情、地勢及連日戰況,決定在10日派第七十一軍八十八師占領攻擊陣地,對回龍山實行中央突破,即在占領回龍山后,便鉆隙突進,擊破畹町之敵。這時,遠征軍總部美軍聯絡員司德上校、費爾特中校、白古拉少校偕同美國記者白修德,來到前線指揮所訪問黃杰。他們說:“畹町戰況,美方魏德邁將軍(時任聯盟國軍中國戰區參謀長)對伊頗有煩言,并說如果戰事仍無進展,爾后的空軍協助將發生困難”?;平芴?,十分惱怒,說:“我倒要告訴魏德邁將軍,你們曾經判斷本集團軍當面的日軍只有五百人的兵力,現在據俘虜供稱,并從得到敵人文件證實,本集團軍當面之敵,實為日本第五十六師團全部,轄一四八、一四六、一一三共三個聯隊,敵人兵力強大,憑險固守,故我各部隊攻擊進展遲緩?!蓖北硎荊骸拔夜髡僥康?,系為世界和平,為人類正義而戰,為國家獨立而戰。敵人未完全消滅,我國軍無論在任何狀況下,亦必作戰到底,到敵人完全消滅而后已!”10日,他以陳明仁的七十一軍擔任主攻任務,并親自指揮部隊展開強攻,當天便將回龍山攻下,致使日軍陷于一片混亂之中?;平薌芯丫?,即令部隊向畹町鉆隙突進。1月20日,完全占領了畹町,殲敵3920人。畹町攻克后,中印公路也隨即打通?;平芑竦昧私槭謀硌錚骸暗謔患啪譜芩玖鈦?月25日報告悉,滇緬國境會戰,山河重光,功在黨國,希轉和所屬官兵,保持過去光榮,努力整訓?!蔽謂逼涔?,國民政府授予三等云摩勛章,美國政府也授予自由勛章。

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